China is a home to 56 ethnic groups, with Han Chinese making up 92% of the population. The Han Chinese speaks seven languages, with Mandarin or Putonghua - which means "common speech" -- being the official and most-used. Cantonese, which is spoken in Hong Kong and in China's other southern provinces, is the second most popular. Most of the 55 other ethnic groups use their own languages. Han lives throughout the country but are mainly concentrated along the Yellow River, Yangzi River and Pearl River basins.
China's minorities account for a small 8% of the entire population. China’s minority groups are also found throughout the country but their main distributions are among the border regions of northwest and southwest China and from the north to northeast. has five Autonomous Regions for its minorities: Guangxi, Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia.
Yunnan is home to more than 20 ethnic groups and is one of most ethnically diverse provinces in the county.
China was ruled by Han most of the time in the past except in Yuen Dynasty that Mongols ruled for less than 100 years and in Qing Dynasty, Manchuria ruled for almost 300 years. China's boundary today was solidified in early Qing Dynasty in early 17th Century.
China is a multi-culture and multi-disciplined society for a few thousand years. All minorities in China today have the equal right as Han Chinese. Since minorities reside in the remote area and usually poor, Chinese government has preference policy to provide training for the minorities to progress, govern and manage.