You will hear much of the “thousand-year-old village”, and it refers to its lovely anachronistic hamlet with one of the highest concentrations of Bai in Yunnan. Noudeng Bai Village is unquestionably the highlight of any visit to this area. Ponies and donkeys huff and clop up cool narrow flagstone streets amid buildings which seemingly haven’t changed a whole lot since they went up during the Ming and Qing dynasties. A Bai populace indeed- you will hardly hear Mandarin here, let alone English here. Among the myriad architecture you will find temples, weathered but still proud gates, a Confucian temple now used as a school, ancient burial spots, and the most untouched Bai courtyards of any where in Yunnan.
And salt, this village was one of epicenters of the crucial salt trade. The old Tea Horse Trail ponies were lugging not just leafy riches but also white gold as they head for Tibet, Burma and India. And the first salt well was set up here as far as back as the Han dynasty in the 2nd century AD.
Located in Southern Yongning town of Luxi County of Honghe Hani & Yi Automonous Prefecture, Chengyi Village is an ancient village completely blended mixture of the architectural styles of Han and Yi people. Early in the reign of Ming Dynasty, the ancestors of ancient Yi tribe from Gold Sand river came here to reclaim the land, to till and to build a home, gradually another sub tribe of Yi was gradually formed. Later on, Northern Han people begin to migrate here in order to flee away from the crude system of local landlords in minority region, then a nationals mixed culture was developed slowly.
The whole village was surrounded by mountains, built up on a mild slope of a hill, every individual house was connected from one to another by a Balcony of each house together, in the patio, a ladder lead up to the roof. From a far away distance, the village looks like giant honeycomb.
This small unknown village is situated in a idyllic bayou of serine and peaceful Chiriu Lake. With a 600 years old history and multi-cultrue of Han and other minorities, Zhengying Village, this little time-capsuled village is truly a living Museum of architecture of Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Originally it was a fishing village, the Dai people had been lived here before the Ming military forces drove them to the further south, Ming army built up their barrack and changed the name from Puwen to Zhenging. The ancient backstreet alleys cress cross in the village, the magnificent Cheng’s family temple is the most outstanding building, built in 1925, it is the most out standing building.
In 2005, WMF, the World Monument Funds, enlisted Tuanshan Village in its list.Tuanshan is the name of a village, located in the west of Jianshui County, the population of htehole village is 900 in 240 households with Zhang as their surname. For the past 600 years, the village has been inhabited by the Yi people. In the reign of Hongwu of Ming Dynasty, the court encouraged large batches of Han people to immigrate from central China. A merchant named Zhang Fu came from Jiangxi Province to Tuanshan for business and trading, he was impressed by the beautiful scenery, then decided to settle down and start family. By following the traditional family motto of being tolerance and worked hard, the Zhangs family became the largest family in the village, now the half of villagers are with the same surname of Zhang. Economically astute, they cleaned up in a variety of businesses through out the Honghe region, then came home and built exquisite homes famied for their ornate woodcarvings, stone carvings, calligraphy and paintings. The village is filled with these places.
Xingmeng Village is the home for some 4000 Mongolian descendants of members of Kublai Khan’s expeditionary force still reside, over the last 700 years most have switched from the nomadic rough-riding lifestyle to fishing on the Qilu Lake. The Mongolian faces and language have been diluted over the years but the dress is still distinct, most people wear green or blue tunics with brightly embroidered sleeves. An annual early-winter festival called Nadaam is held here every three years(next one scheduled for 2010), just as it is in summer on the grasslands several thousand kilometers north.Najiaying village is a home to one of the oldest mosques in Yunnan, predating Ming dynasty.